Social Change Model

The goals of the SCM are to enhance student learning and development; more specifically, to develop in each student participant greater self-knowledge and leadership competence and to facilitate positive social change at the institution or in the community. That is, to undertake actions which will help the institution/ community to function more effectively and humanely.

Personal Leadership

Consciousness of Self:
  • Knowing which beliefs, values, and emotions motivate one to act.
  • Help develop consciousness of others.


  • Acting in accordance with one’s own values, strengths, and limitations.
  • Energy that motivates the individual to serve and that drives the collective effort.
  • Implies passion, intensity, and duration, directed both towards activity and intended outcomes.
  • Requires knowledge of self.

Group Leadership


  • Group members transcend individual goals, interests and behaviors.
  • Group members explore differences in individual values, ideas, and visions.
Common Purpose:

  • Enables the group to engage in collective analysis of the issues at hand and the task to be undertaken
  • Best achieved when all members of the group share in the vision and participation.

Controversy with Civility:

  • Difference are accepted and resolved openly and honestly.
  • Requires trust between parties.
  • Conflicts need to be resolved but also integrated into the common purpose.

Society Values


  • Active engagement in community
  • Sense of civic responsibility.
  • A practice of good citizenship should and needs to happen at every level of the model.
The 8th C- Change – when you honestly take these on you will see positive change. 
Adapted from Astin, H. and Astin, A. A Social Change Model of Leadership Development Guidebook Version III. The National Clearinghouse of Leadership Programs, 1996.